Soko J-22 Orao

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Company: Litaki - Website: Visit Site
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The Soko J-22 Orao is a Yugoslav twin-engine, subsonic ground attack and air reconnaissance aircraft. It was developed and built-in collaboration by SOKO in Yugoslavia and by Avioane Craiova in neighboring Romania, known in the latter as the IAR-93 Vultur.

The J-22 Orao is a joint project of Yugoslavia and Romania – the countries which tried to pursue an independent policy in the aviation industry during the cold war. In the beginning of this period, the fleet consisted of MiG-17 and F-86 types.

Development of the J-22 Orao began in 1970 by engineers and designers of the Yugoslavian Aeronautical Technical Institute and the Romanian Institute of Science and Technology. The aircraft was powered by a British Rolls Royce Viper Mk.632-4IR engines, which were in license production in Yugoslavia and Romania. It was also equipped with British Martin Baker ejection seats and Soviet GSh-23 cannons. This fact emphasizes the uniqueness and originality of the aircraft design.

Manufacturing on the first prototype of the ground attack aircraft began in 1972. Two prototypes flew for the first time on 31 October 1974. The type was designated J-22 Orao (Eagle) in Yugoslavia and IAR-93 in Romania. A total of 165 ground attack aircraft were built.

The J-22 participated I almost all conflicts that unfolded at the territory of the former Yugoslavia. In addition to supporting ground troops, the J-22 pilots also claimed the destruction of a cruise missile.

At the present time the J-22 Orao remains in service with the Serbian Air Force, and modernization of the type continues.

Litaki has been on the market of injection moulded models since 2023 with this Soko J-22 Orao as the first model. The two-seater version of the aircraft has been announced. The model comes in a sturdy box with a top lid with a colour image of the aircraft in the livery of the Serbian Air Force, 60th anniversary of 241 squadron with tiger tail (2021).

It consists of six light green injection moulded frames with parts of which the small and fragile parts are protected separately with a foam sheet. A separate frame is also completely extra packed for the clear parts to prevent scratches. I think it's neatly taken care of. The photo-etch set is packed separately together with the sheet with masks (yes that is also included) in the cellophane bag of the building instructions.

The instructions are in smaller than A5 format and look clear at first glance. A correction has been pasted in step 8, make sure that you also have that in your instruction booklet. Decide in advance which version you want to build and make sure that you follow those particular steps. I usually mark all the steps I need with a yellow highlighter.

Separately supplied are 4 A4 sheets printed double-sided in colour to indicate the various version and the reasonable number of decals. I counted a total of 98. You can choose from 6 different liveries of the aircraft.

  • J-22 Orao 25207, Air Base Batajnica, 1998, Serbian Air Force.
  • J-22 Orao 25207 Constanta, 2006, Romanian Air Force.
  • J-22 Orao 25103, Yugoslav Air Force, open day, Belgrado, 1980
  • J-22 Orao 25102, 407 Yugoslav Air Force
  • J-22 Orao 25207 Serbian Air Force 2007
  • J-22 Orao 25127 Serbian Air Force 60th Anniversary of 241 Sqn, April 2021

In addition, you will receive a beautiful printed photo of the front of the box in A4 size for framing.

The decals (screen printing) look neat and I couldn't find a mistake. According to the statement, they were printed by Decograph from Switzerland.

The parts are made in a light green colour, packed with 3 pieces in a cellophane paper. The hull of the model is executed in a top and bottom this time. No sides to stick together.
The parts look sharp and "crisp". Neat panel lines. Detailing is fine, virtually no flash and no ejection pin marks where they don't belong and/or are visible. Remarkable for a company that wants to manifest itself as new on the model market. Compliments! Be aware it is a tail-sitter so do not forget to ad weight.


I am very excited about this model. Litaki from the Ukraine is new to the model building market and has to deal with start-up costs, but also the costs for the molds and I have to say I am impressed by the quality delivered, for a newby. The choice of subject is a special one, the fact remains that there is not yet a single model of the aicraft as a model on the market.

The quality of the parts is excellent and what I quickly tried, fits without any problems, which promises a smooth build. I have come across a review where it is indicated that panels/lines are not all correctly applied to the model. I hope you will excuse me, but I have not checked, but feel free to go ahead. The model is certainly a welcome addition for the "cold war buffs" and the Small Air Forces freaks, but makes also a nice item in every collection. The price is firm and at the top end of the market. Should not be such a problem for the specific fancier probably.

Definitely recommended.

Thanks to Litaki for providing a review copy.

Reviewer Bio

Fred Bachofner

Fred Bachofner (ModelFan)

About 55 years ago I was grabbed by model making. At that time, you could buy the Airfix bags with models with matching Humbrol pots of paint at General stores in the toy department. My first model was an Airfix Messerschmitt Me-109 Bf. My father allowed me to buy some jars of Humbrol paint. I have no idea what colours I bought based on the drawing on the bag.

This was the beginning of my modelling activities, which became more meaningful with the establishment of IPMS Netherlands in 1971. Aviation was my main interest at that time and of course you also started spotting. This brought me to many countries and eventually as a freelance defence journalist for The Shepard Press Ltd. (Defence Helicopter World, Helicopter World and Commuter World), Janes (Janes International Defence Review) in England and in the Netherlands for Thijs Postma (aviation and aviation World). I have been editor- in-chief of the IPMS Netherlands for over 7 years. Of course, with building models on the side. The freelance work involved quite a bit of traveling and flying and with regard to that flying not always on a commercial basis. The responsibility for my family (flying with and with air forces was almost always uninsured) led me to quit. I shifted my interest to the computer world, realizing that that was where the modelling hobby would end up.

In the end, blood is thicker than water and I started to pick up the modelling hobby again. From the only available jars of Humbrol enamel now to acrylic paints and the just as many new brands. New techniques, after-market products and of course the incredibly beautiful models made possible by constantly improving techniques.

I build to build and learn and improve myself. I will never build winning competition models. That's not my intention. You have to have fun modelling yourself and then it's fine. I'm never satisfied, but I certainly have fun, and I enjoy learning and improving just as much.

I am married to my darling wife for 43 years and my two boys and daughter until now blessed me with 3 grandchildren. Hobby is modelling inclusive railroad modelling. To invite more people to modelling I operate my website here in The Netherlands. Would be great if you would visit me and like the Facebook page for more reviews and articles and all the modelling news you need.

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